The involvement of many stakeholders and phases in the construction project have resulted in the fragmentation of the construction industry. The fragmentation of the industry has created documented problems which have resulted in the propagation of argumentative relationships between the parties to a project. The studies have shown that this fragmentation is the main reason behind the low productivity observed in construction.
Now, the problems related with fragmentation is somewhat reduce by the employment of Information Technology (IT) in construction industry. The use of IT helps in improving the coordination and the collaboration between the firms that are participating in the construction project. The benefits of the IT implementation in construction are
- Ø The quality of documents is increased
- Ø The work speed in increased
- Ø Better financial control is gained
- Ø Better communication
- Ø Common data is accesses easily and fastly
- Ø Errors due to documentation is reduced
The applications of IT industry in the architectural or engineering or the construction firms are increasing within the past few years. This indicates that the A/E/C firms have an increasing interest in the IT applications in order to facilitate the projects in construction.
Among the different IT technologies available Internet is the best technology that suits and supports the collaborative and dynamic nature of the construction industry. It is marked by Walker and Betts that the Internet and the WWB is the key to bring change in the global construction business in the future. This will affect the construction profession, collaboration and the construction business structure. The use of Internet as a medium for communication will facilitate easy transfer of information enabling new chances for distribution systems. This will help in providing a unique opportunity for the teamwork and the workflow automation.
The smart browsers and servers help to overcome the incompatibilities related with the data formats. The advantages of web technologies in the construction industries can be explained in three categories:
- 1. The support from most desirable information services
- 2. The communication between the project participants
- 3. Engineering computing
- 4. Management Computing