Green Walls & Green Roof in High Rise Building Construction

Green walls are vegetated facade are walls where plants  are allowed to grow on the vertical surface of the building structure in a controlled manner. These are subjected to regular maintenance. This brings a link between the humans and the nature, as in the present situation most of the population live in cities demanding for a high tech living style. 

Fig.1: El Penon, Intelligent Building with Green Wall, Spain
The environmental sustainability movement is the main reason behind the incorporation of plants into the building design. This have been now considered as a primary demand of architects and the designers.

Fig.2: Park Royal Building in Singapore

Benefits of Green Wall Construction in Urban Scale

  • The Urban Heat Island effect is reduced
  • The Air quality is improved
  • The Carbon Sequestering is carried out
  • Provide good aesthetic appeal
  • The Urban dwellers possess psychological impact
  • Biodiveristy and natural habitat provisions
  • The sound deadening- reduce noise problems

Benefits in Building Scale

  • The Building energy efficiency is increased
  • The air quality, air filtration and oxygenation internally is carried out
  • Health benefits
  • Envelope is protected
  • Interior noise is reduced
  • Agricultural benefits
  • The property value is increased
  • Sustainability Rating system

Benefits in terms of sustainability

  • Sustainable site development
  • Water efficiency
  • Energy and Atmosphere
  • Materials and resources
  • The indoor environmental quality
  • Innovation in operation and design
Fig.3: The Figure representing the concept of green elements. The street level trees shade the first three floors. The vertical walls with plants protect the remaining floors from bottom to top


Construction Aggregate - Classification Based on Geological Origin

The aggregates used in the construction are usually derived from the natural resources. These are prepared for the purpose of construction by reducing their size by means of crushing. There are other types of aggregates that are made indirectly (Not through direct natural means). 


Aggregates- Requirements and Classification

Construction Aggregates

Aggregate constitutes the 70 -75% of the total concrete volume. These are the major material that provides a skeleton structure for the concrete. They act as economic space fillers. The aggregates are treated as chemically inert or inactive materials in the concrete.


Principle of Equilibrium- Equilibrium of Forces-Engineering Mechanics

Principle of equilibrium states that a body is said to remain in the state of equilibrium when the resultant of forces acting on the body is zero. The forces that bring the set of forces acting on the body to equilibrium is called as equilibrant. Hence the equilibrant is equal to the resultant, but are opposite in direction( vector consideration) or have opposite signs.


Curtain Wall System- Types, Details and Functions

Fig.1.Curtain Walls
A curtain wall system can be defined as a light weight exterior cladding that is hung on the structure of a building. This usually extends from one of the floor to the other floor. It is characterized by its vertical or horizontal caps that are narrowly spaced , with metal or glass infill panels. Finished exterior and semi finished interior appearances are provided by these materials. The most commonly used material for the curtain wall manufacture is aluminium. Sometimes steel is also used.


Conversion Factors For Civil Engineering Practice- Conversion to SI Units

The Civil Engineers throughout the world accepts both the United States Customary System (USCS) and the System International (SI) for both measurements and calculations carried out practically and theoretically. Compared with the USCS system, the SI system in more used.

Conversion factors to change from one system to the other is explained in tabulated form in this article. This will help in civil engineers to follow a particular system and easy idea on conversion to the system they are more comfortable to work with.

Commonly Used USCS  and SI Units

Conversion From USCS To SI Unit System

Factors for Conversion To SI Units of  Measurement


Bamboo Reinforced Concrete –Selection and Properties Required

Bamboo as a Construction Material

Throughout the world's tropical and the sub-tropical regions, bamboo gain a long and well established tradition as a building material. Bamboos are employed for different form of construction, especially in the housing construction in the rural areas. 


Asphalt, Bitumen and Tar - Difference and Individual Properties

What are Asphalt, Bitumen and Tar?

The asphalt, bitumen and tar are construction materials which are hydrocarbons.  The three materials are termed as bituminous materials. The asphalt and bitumen are that possess petroleum product origin. And the destructive distillation of coal,wood and the bitumen shale give us the tar. 
These materials are used as a binder in building as well as road construction. The detailed explanation on each is explained below:

Sustainability of Construction Industry - Construction Industry affects the Environment


The construction sector is not an environment-friendly activity from its origin. They are responsible for the consumption of natural resources for the manufacture of construction materials, which itself have large negative impact on the environment. 

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This is a center to bring up and collect all bits of knowledge and technologies flourished and flourishing to reach out for those who wish to acquire knowledge in a broader way. I am a structural engineer by profession and would like to share all information I have acquired all these years till date. This site also aims in researching new topics, works on your questionnaires and fill it up with good facts and information.

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